Researchers have found new documentation that substantiates stories that Catholic convents and monasteries in Rome sheltered Jews throughout World Battle II
ByNICOLE WINFIELD Related Press
September 7, 2023, 5:45 AM
ROME — Researchers have found new documentation that substantiates stories that Catholic convents and monasteries in Rome sheltered Jews throughout World Battle II, offering names of no less than 3,200 Jews whose identities have been corroborated by town’s Jewish neighborhood, officers stated Thursday.
Researchers from the Pontifical Biblical Institute, Israel’s Yad Vashem Holocaust analysis institute and Rome’s Jewish neighborhood launched the findings at an educational convention Thursday held on the Museum of the Shoah, a part of Rome’s major synagogue.
The documentation doesn’t seem to shed any new gentle on the function of Pope Pius XII throughout the Nazi occupation of Rome. Historians have lengthy debated Pius’ legacy, with supporters insisting he used quiet diplomacy to save lots of Jewish lives and critics saying he remained silent as Roman Jews had been rounded up and deported from the Vatican’s yard.
Moderately, the brand new documentation offers names and addresses of people that had been sheltered in Catholic establishments throughout the battle, which had solely beforehand been reported in obscure phrases and numbers by Italy’s preeminent historian of the interval, Renzo de Felice, in a 1961 ebook, in response to a joint assertion from the Pontifical Biblical Institute, Yad Vashem and Rome’s Jewish Group.
The documentation was found within the archives of the Biblical Institute, which is affiliated with the Jesuit-run Pontifical Gregorian College. It lists greater than 4,300 individuals who had been sheltered within the properties of 100 girls’s and 55 males’s spiritual orders. Of these, 3,600 are recognized by identify, and analysis within the archives of Rome’s Jewish neighborhood “signifies that 3,200 definitely had been Jews,” the assertion stated.
“Of the latter it’s recognized the place they had been hidden and, in sure circumstances, the place they lived earlier than the persecution. The documentation thus considerably will increase the knowledge on the historical past of the rescue of Jews within the context of the Catholic establishments of Rome,” the assertion stated.
The names should not being launched to guard the privateness of the folks and their descendants, it added.
It’s unclear whether or not any of the Jews listed had been baptized. Just lately opened Vatican archives of the Pius papacy recommend that the Vatican labored hardest to save lots of Jews who had transformed to Catholicism or had been kids of Catholic-Jewish blended marriages, in response to the ebook “The Pope at Battle,” by U.S. anthropologist David Kertzer.